Igoumenitsa is the capital city of Thesprotia region. The local port is one of the main gateways to Greece from all over Europe. Visitors keep returning to this charming place due to the beauty of the nature. Only five kilometers (5 km) away from the city, one can reach Drepano Beach (ParaliaDrepano). This seven-kilometer-long beach (7 km) lies on the Drepano peninsula. Fine, white, powder-like sand, crystal clear shallow waters, as well as the eucalyptus trees that grow along the beach, create a magical image. The beach blends in with the wetland, which is rich in flora and fauna, a natural habitat for a variety of rare birds.
Camping site, coffee shop and marine sports are available.
In the center of the city is located the Archeological Museum of Igoumenitsa.
There is a permanent exhibition entitled ‘ThesprotonChora’ (“Thesprotian Country”) that covers the archaeological periods from the Middle Paleolithic Age to the Ottoman Rule (100.000 B.C. – 19th c. A.D.).
Distance: 12km E.O. Preveza-Igoumenitsa
- Moni Giromeriou
The Holy Monastery of Giromeri was founded at the beginning of the 14th century. It is one of the oldest and most important monasteries in Epirus with a rich history. The monastery is built on a steep cliff on the slope of Mount Farmakovouni (8km from the town of Filiates) and is surrounded by an impressive landscape of natural beauty with rich vegetation that is worth visiting.
This monastery is dedicated to the Assumption of Mary. One can enjoy the exceptional iconography created in 1679. The monastery is open to visitors every day, from dusk till dawn.
Distance from Igoumenitsa:23km
- Moni Ragiou
This monastery is also dedicated to the Assumption of Mary. It is located on the way from Igoumenitsa to Sagiates. It has been looted several times in the past, but hasbeen restored. Today it is inhabited by a small community of monks, and is open to visitors from dusk till dawn.
THE RAGIOU TOWER
This is a unique monument to visit in Thesprotia, only 9 km to the northwest of Igoumenitsa city. It is a small castle built on a cone-shaped rock, around 16th century, as a watchtower of the Turks in the area.
Ancient Gitani was an ancient city of Epirus, the capital of Thesprotia, founded around 336-330BC. One kilometer (1km) southeast from the water barrier of Kalamas lies what was the center of political life for the Thesprotian people. It was the second oldest capital city of Thesprotia region. The ancient theater that was excavated outside the city wall was used for both theatrical plays as well as political gatherings.
The necromancer of Acheron was the first known oracle of antiquity dedicated to the god of the underworld Hades. The underground rooms where the Ancients asked to speak with the spirits of the dead stand out.
The necromancer is built on a hill in the village of Mesopotamos in the Prefecture of Preveza.
Distance: 39km NR Igoumenitsa – Preveza
Parga is a magical town of exceptional beauty, built at the foot of the Venetian Castle, with a view of the Ionian Sea and the Paxoi and Antipaxoi Islands. The amphitheater, the colorful houses, the narrow cobblestone streets, the incredible view of the deep blue Ionion Sea and the island of Panagia, gives the place the feeling of an island. At a small distance from the town, one can find beautiful beaches, such as the beach of Krioneri, the beach of PisoKrioneri, Valtos and Sarakiniko to the west, the Lixnos and Ai-Giannakis to the east.
Celebrations Every year in August, close to the 15th, the Municipality of Parga organizes several cultural events, the ‘Pargina’ or ‘Kanaria’. These celebrations have a historical as well as a religious character. On the evening of August 14th, people use boats to cross the sea to the coast of Panagia’s Island. On the next evening, August 15th, people gather at the port to watch the traditional custom of ‘varkarola’. The custom commemorates the returning of the people of Parga along with their Secret Relics, back to the town of Parga. The British dominated the city until 1817, when they sold it to the Turk Ali Pasha of Ioannina. Almost one century later, after the liberation of Ipiros, the people of Parga returned to their now liberated city, which is represented by the ‘varkarola’ custom. There are two rows of boats, decorated with Venetian lamps, that sail from the castle and the Pavloukies to the port, were people welcome them with fireworks.
Old Venetian Castle of the City
The Island and the chapel of Panagia
The Religious Museum, in the center of the city
The Church of Saint Nikolaos, protector of the city
As soon as you reach the atmospheric Old City of Corfu, (Unesco World Heritage Site), you enter a magical world, with the very well-preserved neoclassic buildings, obviously influenced by Venetian and British culture. You can enjoy a coffee at Liston, the main pedestrian street in the center of the city, which was built by the French.
On the west coast of Corfu, one discovers wonderful beaches, such as the famous sandy beach of Agios Georgios Pagos, Ermones, the impressive Paleokastritsa, Glyfada and Myrtiotissa.
The Old and New Fortresses are ideal locations to enjoy the panoramic view of the city. Just below the Old Fortress is Gonitsa, one of the island’s ancient ports. Across from the port lies PontikonisiIsland and Pantokratora Monastery. A visit to Achilleion, the fairytale palace of Empress Sissy and the imposing neoclassical Mon Repo, built as the summer residence of English Commissioner Frederic Adam in honor of Corfu’s Nina Palatianou, will transport you to other times. Finally, climb the steps of the Holy Monastery of Panagia Paleokastritsa, built in the 13th century.
If you are looking for cultural experiences, the Museum of Asian Art, located in the Palace of St. Michael and St. George, hosts excellent exhibitions. Also, visit the Byzantine Museum of Antivouniotissa, the Kapodistrias Museum, the Banknote Museum which is unique in Greece and one of the few in the world.
Discover handmade creations and traditional products and don’t miss the opportunity to try the kumquat liqueur that is identified with Corfu.
The exotic beaches with turquoise waters are characteristic of Syvota. In combination with the lush little islands near the coast, a simply enchanting landscape is created. For those who want to have an unforgettable travel experience, at a short distance from the coast lie the islands of MavroOros, Agios Nikolaos, Mourtemenos and a number of smaller islets. It is worth renting a boat to open up the exotic waters. The most spectacular beach is Pisina, accessible only by boat. You can find it on the islet of Agios Nikolaos and its transparent blue waters fully justify its name. Bela Vraka is waiting for you in Mourtemenos, but you can also reach it on foot, since it is connected to the mainland by a narrow strip of golden sand. The organized beaches Megali Ammos and Mikri Ammos, which are located outside Syvota, are also very good choices. ANCIENT THEATER OF DODONI The theater of Dodoni is located in Dodoniin the Prefecture of Ioannina. It is one of the largest ancient theaters with a capacity of about 17,000 spectators. It was built at the beginning of the 3rd century BC, during the reign of Pyrrhus (297-272 BC)www.dodoni.gr PHOENICI Phoenici, Thesprotia, is in the municipality of Filiates. It is a beautiful traditional mountain village with wonderful mansions, cobbled courtyards and picturesque cobbled streets. It is 5 km northeast of the town of Filiates. In 1976 it was characterized as an area of outstanding natural beauty.One place worth visiting is the Phoenician Folklore Museum, which was founded in 1994 by the late Melina Mercouri, then Minister of Culture. ACHERONE DIRECTORATE
The Necromancer of Acheron was the first known oracle of antiquity dedicated to the god of the underworld Hades. The underground rooms where the Ancients requested an audience with the spirits of the absolute stand out.
The necromancer is built on a hill in the village of Mesopotamos in the Prefecture of Preveza
(39km EO Igoumenitsa – Preveza).
HISTORY OF NECTROMANTIO
On a hill in the village of Mesopotamos, 48 km north-west of Preveza, is the oldest Necromancer of antiquity, the Necromancer of Acheron, near the ancient Mycenaean colony Efyra (14th-13th century BC). Here the ancients placed the gates of the Underworld, the entrance to the kingdom of Hades. According to legend, the necromancer Hermes led the souls to Hades through the waters of Lake Acherousia.
Visitors from all over the known world gathered at this unique oracle to communicate with the souls of their loved ones after proper preparation.
The river Acheron was the road through which Hades led the souls to Lake Acherousia, in the bowels of which lay his kingdom. For this reason, they founded over a cave (at the confluence of the rivers Kokytos and Acheron) on the northwestern bank of Acherousia, the most important place of worship of the gods of the underworld and communication with the souls of the dead, the Necromancer of Acheron.
In this area, after undergoing many days of preparation in complete isolation and following a special diet, the visitors were led to the underground rooms of the necromancer, where they communicated with the spirits of their beloved dead, who prophesized their future.
The Necromancer was located on a hill next to Lake Acherousia (today it is dried up), where the three rivers, Acheron, Pyriflegethon (Vovos) and Kokytos (Mavros) flowed. It is organized and built systematically, as well as the sanctuary of Dodoni, only in the 3rd c. e.g. with the construction of the main sanctuary, the crypt and the labyrinth in the first phase (early 3rd century) and the addition of the western complex later (late 3rd early 2nd century BC).
In its ruins, one can see the corridors, rooms,a main hall and an impressive crypt carved into the rock and supported by 15 arches resting on pillars.
The sanctuary was set on fire and destroyed by the Romans in 167 BC. In the 18th c. AD the monastery of Agios Ioannis the Forerunner was built in the ruins of the Oracle, the catholic part of which is preserved today.
In these places of myth and history, passing through the gates of Hades and walking through the river, passing over the eternal fog of Lake Acherousia, Charon tirelessly transports the souls, uniting the world of the dead with the world of living.
The paymentfor the finaljourneywas necessary.
In “Dialogues of the dead” by Lucian, a famous sophist and writer of the 2nd century AD, this process is described in an extremely brilliant way. Haros asks the late cynical philosopher Menippos to pay his fares to him (“Rise, oh cursed, the ferries”), and he responds with the following proverbial phrase: “Fine, you shall not receive from he who does not possess”.
SOURCES OF ACHERON
The springs of the river Acheron are a magical destination in nature with many activities, such as rafting, kayaking in the cool waters of the river, horseback riding on the banks of the river and hiking on the impressive path above the springs that leads to the mountains of Souli, where one can admire the beautiful view from above.
The springs of Acheron are located at 40 km EOIgoumenitsa – Preveza (2km from the village of Glyki).
Acheron’s springs are many, and span the prefectures of Ioannina, Preveza and Thesprotia. Its name probably comes from the word ¨άχος¨ (sorrow) and means ¨the river of sorrow¨. On the other hand, based on the endless sources of Greek mythology, it is claimed that Acheron was the river where Hermes handed over the souls of the dead to Charon, in order to reach the kingdom of Hades. We should also emphasize another popular myth that there once lived a dragon, who was poisoning the water, which was killed by Aidonatos or Iedonas, who over time became Saint Donatos (the patron saint of the place). Finally, the river also has tributaries and flows into the Ionian Sea (in the prefecture of Preveza, where it forms a Delta).
Source: http: //www.thesprotia3d.gr